Are you losing hair Perhaps the reason is not at all on the side of stress, poor diet or spring solstice, but is associated with genetic conditions. Androgenetic alopecia – because we’re talking about it – is one of the most common causes of hair loss in women. The good news is that they can be effectively treated.
Hair loss is not surprising for women: each of us sees every day that a certain amount of them remains on the brush. The problem arises when this quantity not only does not decrease, but from day to day there seems to be more hair loss. We usually explain this by changing the season, seasonal weakness, and stress. We think that after some time the situation will normalize – and this is sometimes the case. But even half of the women who lose hair lose them because they suffer from androgenetic alopecia, which they do not realize, and as a result the problem is getting worse. Fortunately, this disease can be successfully treated.
The first symptoms of androgenetic alopecia in women can occur as early as around 13 years of age
Too wide range
We usually see more hair loss than usual when combing. It is worth looking more closely into the mirror. One of the most characteristic symptoms of androgenetic alopecia is the gradually widening parting – because with this ailment, the hair begins to fall out first of all above the top of the head, more or less along the center line.
However, this is not the only symptom – the others depend on which type of androgenetic alopecia we are dealing with. In women, this disease can occur in two ways. If it is male pattern baldness, the hair first things around the top of the head and frontal angles, then near the temples and parietal area. However, when we are dealing with baldness according to the female type, then the hair is thinning gradually in a diffuse manner, and the baldness covers almost the entire head, with the exception of a 2-3 cm band around the forehead.
Genes are primarily to blame
One of the causes of androgenetic alopecia in women is an excess of “male” hormones (androgens, including testosterone), which occurs, among others due to genetic conditions , and also as a result of certain diseases , with increased androgens, e.g. polycystic ovary syndrome, pituitary disease, and androgen-producing tumors. The mechanism of this disease has been well understood: both hair, hair follicles and sebaceous glands overreact to androgens, as a result of which the life cycle of the hair is shortened, they begin to fall out (and new ones do not grow back at the same pace as before), the size of the hair follicles is also reduced.
If you notice that you lose a lot more hair than it should, do not hesitate to visit a dermatologist – the sooner your doctor makes the diagnosis, the greater the chance that baldness will stop. The basis of the consultation is medical history , during which the dermatologist will also assess the type of baldness based on the Ludwig scale or the Sinclar scale, and suspecting androgenetic alopecia will also recommend hormone tests – determination of free and total testosterone , dihydroepiandrosterone and estrogens. Some doctors also recommend measuring TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone, thyrotropin), T4 (thyroxine, tetrajodothyronine) and ferritin. To confirm the diagnosis, a biopsy punch and histological evaluation of the material collected from the scalp are also recommended.
Effective treatment is possible
Diagnosis: androgenetic alopecia is fortunately not a sentence. This disease can be effectively treated. However, you will not fight it with cosmetics: shampoo or conditioner will take care of your hair, but unlike medicinal preparations, they are not able to stop hair loss or extend the growth phase. Meanwhile, the purpose of therapeutic treatment for this ailment is primarily to inhibit baldness by extending the hair life cycle (anagen phase and its induction in the telogenous follicles of the hair) and to inhibit exogenous, i.e. the phase when the dead hair leaves the hair follicle area, as well as reversing the process of miniaturization of the hair follicles .
Androgenetic alopecia is treated primarily locally, with the help of special preparations rubbed directly into the scalp and places affected by alopecia. The drug recommended for this disease is minoxidil – a substance that inhibits hair loss in androgenetic alopecia. However, when oral treatment is needed, your doctor may – depending on your test results – prescribe drugs that regulate androgen hormones.